The Evolution of Pikachu

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Life is ever-changing, people grow old, fashions shift, and Pokemon get new artwork.

Every single creature featured in Game Freak’s super-franchise has its own collection of drawings, sprites and 3D models. Pikachu however, has been through more shake-ups than most.

From palette changes to severe weight loss, everyone’s favourite electric mouse has had a lot of redesigns over the years. Below, I’ll take a look at the good, the bad and the ugly.

White Belly (1996)

Ken Sugimori’s earliest artwork often depicts Pikachu with a belly-patch; this feature is even present in its original Red and Blue sprites. Why the patch was removed still remains a mystery; perhaps to differentiate it further from its 3rd Stage evolution Raichu.


In its first 100% official drawing, Pikachu looked a lot more like the version that would eventually be used in the anime; its facial features made smaller and its belly-patch removed. Pokemon Yellow used this design as a basis for the creatures’ sprite.

A further 2 designs followed during Generation I, the first – used for a promo-card to accompany the original Pokemon movie – remains chubby and small, while the second is slightly thinner and more streamlined.


A Lighter Shade of Yellow (2002)

Pikachu’s next major change came with the Gameboy Advance and the arrival of Pokemon Ruby and Sapphire. Sugimori’s old drawing style had long gone and with it went Pikachu’s little pot-belly.

In its new artwork, Pikachu had become lighter in color and much more elongated. Strangely, its in-game sprite seemed to retain the deeper shade of yellow present in previous years.


Subtle Switches (2006)

Pikachu’s design remained much the same for the release of Diamond and Pearl for Nintendo DS. Its head however, did become slightly smaller and its sprite was fixed to light yellow. Meanwhile, Ash’s Pikachu in the anime retained a dark yellow hue and featured chubbier legs and arms than in-game sprites.


A Hint of Anger (2012)

Black and White featured a Pikachu very similar to that seen in Diamond and Pearl, however, with the arrival of Pokemon Conquest – a cross-over between Pokemon and Japanese strategy RPG Nobunaga’s Ambition – the little mouse discovered its wild side.

Rather than the cute human-like stance it normally adopts, Pikachu is drawn in a much more animalistic manner; down on all-fours, growling, and with an angered expression.


Coming Full Circle (2013)

With the release of Pokemon X & Y – and the introduction of 3D models – Pikachu’s design came full circle. Its current sprite looks more like its original design than many other drawings. In addition, for the first time ever, rather than its usual cry, Pikachu says its name when encountered in the wild.

No matter how cool Pikachu may look in Nobunaga’s Ambition, at the end of the day, it is the mascot for the whole Pokemon franchise and one of the most recognisable Nintendo characters of all time… It didn’t get there by growling at people, it got there with its boyish charm and its oversized yet cute features.


X & Y’s sister games, Pokemon Omega Ruby and Pokemon Alpha Sapphire, introduced the ridiculous but adorable Cosplay Pikachu; who could change its clothes and moves depending on the contest category it was about to enter.


Detective Pika (2016)

With Pokemon Sun and Moon just around the corner, we’ve got plenty more Pikachu art to come! Here’s hoping the version for those games is just as cute as Detective Pikachu; the title character from Nintendo’s upcoming spin-off Great Detective Pikachu.


You can check out the rest of the Evolution series by clicking on ‘More From The Author’ below, or by clicking the ‘Articles’ tab at the top of the page. I’ve been Jay Michael, you can follow me on Twitter @Jayswriting. Thank you for reading and, until next time, peace.


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